Hierapolis - PamukkaleA great mixture of some of the wonders of man and one of Mother Nature's most amazing gifts.
Pamukkale, cotton castle in English, is totally unique in the world. It is the site of a wonderful phenomenon and it is one of the items on the "Must See List" for Turkey.
The dynasty of the Attalids, the kings of Pergamon, established Ihe thermal spa of Hierapolis.It is registered as cultural and natural heritage on the list of World Heritage of UNESCO.
The ruins of the baths, temples and other Greek monuments can be seen at the site. Deriving from springs in a cliff almost 200 m high overlooking the plain, calcite-laden waters have created at Pamukkale (Cotton Castle) an unreal landscape, made up of mineral forests, petrified waterfalls and a series of terraced basins.
The terraces were formed by running warm spring water containing calcium bicarbonate, at a temperature of 35C.
When the water loses its carbon dioxide it leaves limestone deposits. During your visit to Hierapolis, an open air museum, you will see of the largest ancient graveyard containing over 1200 sarcophagi, many of which are as big as a small house.
The Great Theatre, the tomb of St.Philip, the Roman Baths, the gymnasium that is used as a museum and Apollo Temple are the other attractive ruins.
Pamukkale is 285 kilometres away from Bodrum. Approximately four and a half hours journey through forests and country villages will take you to this beautiful place.
Ephesus Tour Info
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